History of Persian Rugs

Persian Rug

Persian rugs are an excellent way to add a little oriental flare to your home and will certainly be a talking point amongst all your visitors and guests, as these rugs invoke a sense of culture and art in people. The tradition of Persian rugs for sale is an interesting one, which is weaved in history.

The history of Persian rugs and carpets can be followed back through over 2,500 years of history. Evidence suggests that the tradition of Persian rug making is even older than this. However, it is not common for archaeologists to find rugs of this age because the materials that are commonly used e.g. wool, silk, and cotton are prone to decay.

The earliest known Persian rug was discovered in the tomb of an ancient Scythian prince in the Pazyryk Valley, situated in the Siberian Altai Mountain range. The Pazyryk rug depicts Persian horsemen and deer inlaid onto a decorative backdrop. The rug is deep red in color. According to scientific carbon dating, this specific carpet was from as early as 5th century BC, however, the advanced rug weaving skills that are evident in the rug suggest that the technique and design had already been evolving for hundreds of years. This find was particularly significant as it is very rare to find rugs of this age and size which are still intact enough to analyze.

According to historical sources, the courts of rulers like Cyrus the Great of Persia (c. 559 – 530 BC) were decorated with such rugs (e.g. blue Persian rug), which were constantly admired by visiting emissaries. Eyewitness descriptions and painting suggest that carpets adorned the walls in addition to the floor. This suggests that it was common practice to line the gigantic tombs of deceased rulers with luxury Persian rugs.

Commercial trade in Persian rugs for sale began to take off because of the increasing demand from the 8th century onwards. Designs ranged from tiny prayer mats to medium size blue Persian rug to full sized carpets, these rugs became increasingly popular items as Muslim traditions started to take hold across the region. Luxury Persian rugs for sale were also used to decorate prayer areas and mosques. The trade in old style Persian rugs was briefly halted in the 13th century by the Mongol invasion of Iran.

Persian Rug

In the 16th and 17th century, Persian rugs began to gain popularity in the West thanks to the international trade routes that started to develop. Sub-regions of Persia started to develop their own unique patterns and styles of weaving. While patterns containing people and animals remained popular in the East, geometric designs gained a lot of popularity in the Western countries.

The mid-19th century rejuvenated the art form by bringing about the foreign investment. This resulted in improvements in dyes as well as easier transport of the Persian rugs. Today, the most expensive, valued, and stylish rugs (e.g. blue Persian rug) in the world remain in good condition. Some of these rugs date back to the Safavid era, where the culture and art were valued overall.